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The asylum deal between Rwanda and Britain could lead to a regional refugee crisis

Refugees and activists from Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo say the deal could have serious repercussions across the region. (Author: Gardener)

RwandaDemonstrators display placards during a protest outside the Royal Courts of Justice, as a legal battle to halt a proposed deportation of asylum seekers from the UK to Rwanda is heard, in London, Britain, June 13, 2022 [File: Henry Nicholls/Reuters ] Later Today, eight asylum seekers will take a charter flight from the UK to Rwanda as part of a controversial £120million deal between the two countries. According to the UK Home Office, the deal, signed in April, aims to "prevent dangerous and unnecessary travel such as small boat crossings, save lives and prevent injuries" and ultimately repair the UK's immigration system. Since the deal was announced, there have been protests and legal attempts to stop the first deportation, as well as criticism from several non-profit organizations. Enver Solomon, chief executive of the Refugee Council, said the charity was "appalled by the government's cruel and evil decision". UN refugee chief Filippo Grandi said Britain was "exporting its responsibilities to another country". During his Easter sermon, Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, said there were "serious ethical issues in sending asylum seekers abroad". In response, Rwandan Foreign Minister Vincent Biruta said his country has a responsibility to deal with refugees. “This partnership builds on Rwanda's strong track record of providing security for those fleeing danger, with our country currently hosting over 130,000 refugees from multiple countries – including vulnerable migrants arriving from Libya, Afghanistan and neighboring countries such as the Democratic Republic Congo and Burundi were evacuated,” he said during a recent trip to the UK. Rwanda is a landlocked republic nestled in East and Central Africa and one of the smallest countries in the world. It's the same size as Macedonia, but has six times the population. Despite recent economic advances, more than half of the estimated 13 million people live on less than $2 a day, according to the World Bank. Activists say this is evidence that Rwanda is unfit to receive the newcomers and that an influx of asylum seekers from Britain could even result in the displacement of its citizens to the wider region. On April 20, 12 UK-based non-profit organizations run by diaspora Congolese nationals sent a private letter to British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, condemning the UK's decision as one that was "based on the responsibility crisis." and not based on a refugee crisis”. In the letter, seen by Al Jazeera, they warned that Rwanda does not have enough space to house the asylum seekers but is anxious to get British taxpayers' money to promote a war in eastern DRC. It would essentially be a repeat of history, they added, with thousands crossing borders from tiny Rwanda into larger Uganda or the vast landmass of eastern DRC and further escalating the crisis there. A representative of one of the letter's signatories, the London-based organization The African Physical Training Organization (APTO), told Al Jazeera that there could be a spillover that "repeats the 1994 refugee crisis, when we saw millions of Rwandans Hutu refugees flooded the country from eastern DRC to flee the new Tutsi-led government in Rwanda". According to the New York-based think tank Council on Foreign Relations, some of these refugees were génocidaires of the Hutu ethnic group, including members of the notorious Interahamwe group. In the DRC, they formed armed groups that led to the rise of opposing factions, including Tutsis - the other main Rwandan ethnic group - as well as other opportunist rebels. Under then-Head of State Mobutu Sese Seko, the DRC was unable to control these armed groups, some of whom directly threatened populations in neighboring countries. He fled the country in 1997 when rebels led by his eventual successor, Laurent Kabila, were advancing on the capital. The United Nations estimates that there are currently 4.5 million internally displaced people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and more than 800,000 people have fled the country to flee elsewhere. In June this year, the Norwegian Refugee Council dubbed the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the second year in a row the world's most neglected displacement crisis - as global attention shifts to the war in Ukraine. "For years, the Great Lakes region [in parts of eastern, central and South Africa] has seen thousands of refugees, millions have died in the DRC and region," Carine Kanimba, daughter of Paul Rusesabagina, the jailed Rwandan activist , who inspired the film Hotel Rwanda, Al Jazeera said. In recent weeks, Kinshasa has also accused Kigali of actively supporting the M23 rebels, who have launched their most sustained offensive in eastern DRC since seizing vast tracts of land there in 2012-13. "Today it is clear that Rwanda supported the M23 to come and attack the DRC," President Felix Tshisekedi said on state television in June. And activists in Kinshasa have also led an anti-Rwanda protest this month. For activists in Europe, the asylum deal could be a sign that the West supports Kagame's policies. "We also believe that this could be related to Rwanda's ambitions to get territories in the Congo," said the APTO representative. Despite their celebrated efforts towards national reconciliation and post-genocide healing, the Rwandan authorities have also been accused of human rights abuses by several civil society groups inside and outside Africa. "People are not free to speak out on anything that could be seen as challenging the government or what it says," Lewis Mudge, Human Rights Watch director for Central Africa, told Al Jazeera in April. "My father is a political prisoner in Rwanda for criticizing a ruthless dictatorship with the same president for 28 years," Kanimba told Al Jazeera. These are the conditions created by refugees who have to flee this country because their lives are in danger.” Refugees from the region say that as more asylum seekers are sent to Rwanda, Kagame will get more money from the deal, he in the will be able to maintain a climate of fear. The asylum deal, Kanimba said, could lead to "more refugees and more suffering of innocent people that the world seems to have forgotten". Another UK-based Rwandan refugee who wished to remain anonymous agreed. "The UK-Rwanda partnership agreement is an insult to the Rwandan people," she said.

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First flight to Rwanda doesn't deter migrants as more than 100 arrive

The judges ruled the plane could take off for the African country, as official figures showed 138 people had made the perilous journey across the English Channel in three boats. (Author: Gardener)

RwandaMore than 100 migrants arrived in the UK yesterday ahead of the first flight scheduled to take asylum seekers to Rwanda. The judges ruled the plane could take off for the African country, as official figures showed 138 people had made the perilous journey across the English Channel in three boats. This brings the total number of new arrivals to 705 in June alone, with the total for the year to date reaching 10,269. The mostly male migrants were paraded down the gangway in Dover yesterday to be processed by soldiers in ghillie suits and safety vests and Border Force agents in hazmat suits. Another 92 adults and 12 children, including a heavily pregnant woman, were also brought ashore by Border Force this morning after attempting to cross the Channel. When asked if they knew they could be sent to Rwanda, one migrant replied: “What? Court of Appeal judges dismissed a legal challenge attempting to block the first flight in the government's plan to send asylum seekers to Rwanda under pressure from human rights groups and opposition parties. Seven or eight people are reported to be leaving tonight on the flight, which is estimated to cost the Government £500,000. Migrants, including a heavily pregnant woman and babies, were taken to Dover on two ships this morning. The RNLI lifeboat from Dover brought 10 to 20 migrants ashore, while the Border Force ship Vigilant brought about 60 people to Dover. About 92 adults and 12 children were brought ashore by Border Force this morning after attempting to cross the Channel. So far this morning, migrants have been brought into Dover Harbor aboard the Dover RNLI lifeboat and BF Vigilant. Yesterday, around 3pm, the Border Force Cutter Hurricane took the first boat while a second group of 50 people were escorted into port by an RNLI lifeboat just before 8pm. Another RNLI lifeboat brought a further 40 migrants ashore after dark around 10.30pm. Migrants aboard a boat in the Strait of Calais also got into trouble and were rescued by the French on Monday. The Notre Dame des Flandres boat was tasked with rescuing 43 migrants from the English Channel, who were then dropped off at Gravelines, where they were looked after by the department's border police and fire and rescue service. Boris Johnson today accused migrants' lawyers of "supporting the work of criminal gangs" as he defended a plan to send asylum seekers to Rwanda before the expected first flight on Tuesday. The plans were challenged in court and condemned by the senior bishops of the Church of England and reportedly the Prince of Wales, with the Prime Minister acknowledging there had been criticism from "some somewhat unexpected quarters". An urgent injunction to stop the new system was obtained by migrant aid organization Asylum Aid but was rejected by the same court yesterday. Mr Johnson insisted the government would not be deterred by the attacks "not least from lawyers" and told his cabinet ministers that "we will go ahead and implement the plan". Natalie Elphicke, MP for Dover, said: "The Channel Crossings are putting lives at risk in the hands of ruthless criminal gangs. “The actions taken by our government to end these dangerous crossings are compassionate, common sense and the right thing to do. This week is expected to be one of the busiest so far this year for small boat crossings as conditions at sea calm down - with around 30 migrants already adrift in the canal on a black inflatable boat. The total number of migrants making the treacherous journey across the 21-mile Strait of Dover currently stands at 10,269 in 321 boats - more than double the number for the same period in 2021, when just over 4,546 people were arrested. According to the Ministry of Defense (MoD), 28,526 made the crossing in 2021 - compared to 8,410 who arrived in 2020. Justice and Combating Illegal Migration Minister Tom Pursglove MP said: "The increase in dangerous Channel crossings is unacceptable. “Through our Nationality and Borders Bill we are cracking down on people smugglers and fixing the broken system by making it a criminal offense to knowingly enter the UK illegally and introducing a maximum life sentence for those who facilitate illegal entry into ours Country.'

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No 10 says tonight's flight back to Rwanda may not go ahead due to legal disputes

After ministers promised the flight would go ahead, Boris Johnson's official spokesman said he could not comment "finally" on the flight - which was set to cost hundreds of thousands and only have a few asylum seekers on board (Author: Gardener)

tonightAfter ministers vowed the flight would go ahead, Boris Johnson's official spokesman said he could not be "final" about the flight - which was expected to cost hundreds of thousands and have few asylum seekers on board Downing Street who refused at this lunchtime to guarantee that a ferry flight to Rwanda would definitely take place tonight after a spate of legal challenges. When asked just before midday, Boris Johnson's official spokesman said "at this point I can't be definitive" when asked if the highly controversial plane would still take off. But events are moving quickly and despite the comments, officials were still confident a small number of asylum seekers will be on the flight. Shortly after No 10's comments at a press conference, the case of one of four asylum seekers trying to prevent his deportation in the High Court this morning was dismissed by a judge. The man, an Iranian Kurd who suffered from PTSD in Turkey while traveling to the UK, had filed a lawsuit asking not to be on the upcoming flight due to his mental health and relationship with his sister in the UK to be dismissed. Up to 130 asylum seekers have been told they would be on the first charter flight to the African nation ordered by the Home Office. But although the Court of Appeals approved the flight and the Supreme Court denied leave for a further appeal at noon today, individual lawsuits reduced the number of passengers to seven. And the number could be further reduced today as four of those who were supposed to be on the deportation flight, including those from Iran, filed suits in the Supreme Court. The litigation could end in the bizarre scenario of asylum seekers being flown to Rwanda - only to bring them back weeks later. Supreme Court President Lord Reed said there had been an "assurance" that steps would be taken to bring back any migrants flown to Rwanda should the policy later prove unlawful. Earlier, Foreign Secretary Liz Truss promised the flight would be operated with few passengers, despite costing hundreds of thousands of pounds. But when asked this lunchtime if it would definitely happen tonight, Boris Johnson's official spokesman replied: "There are ongoing legal challenges regarding this so I can't be final at this point." When asked if it wouldn't fly , when all asylum seekers were pulled from the plane, he replied: "I understand that, but I will not speculate on what courts can or cannot decide." He refused to rule out the operation of the flight even if only one asylum seeker be on board Interior Minister Priti Patel and Rwandan Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Vincent Biruta at the signing of the agreement. The spokesman said more flights were expected in "weeks" but didn't give a date. Under the directive, migrants who have arrived "illegally" in dinghies or refrigerated trucks since January 1 will be detained and then forced onto charter flights used to deport foreign criminals. Once there, they are denied the right to seek asylum in the UK, instead having to seek sanctuary from the East African nation. Foreign Secretary Liz Truss insisted the policy was "entirely moral", but Church of England leaders, including the Archbishops of York and Canterbury, branded it an "immoral" plan that "shames Britain". Flying to Rwanda will cost taxpayers hundreds of thousands of pounds in such a venture. The Home Office spent £6.3million on 38 charter flights to deport or deport people from January 1 to July 28 last year - nearly £167,000 per flight. Church of England leaders, including the Archbishops of York and Canterbury, branded it an "immoral" plan that would "shame Britain". A Freedom of Information response showed the 38 planes were carrying just over 750 people, an average of 20 each. The Home Office insists the asylum system costs £1.5bn a year by comparison, including £5m a day in hotel bills . A Home Office source said: "Can people really put a price on the cost of saving lives and securing our country's borders?". Freedom from Torture activists have claimed that Spanish company Privilege Style will operate the charter flight. No10 could not say whether this could mean that more asylum seekers from Rwanda would end up coming to the UK than vice versa. However, Interior Ministry sources have previously said the number of people arriving from Rwanda would be in the tens, not the hundreds.

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PM accuses lawyers of supporting criminal gangs with legal challenges

Rwanda migrants - live: PM accuses lawyers of 'assisting' criminal gangs with legal challenges - Seven people are believed to be currently on today's overnight flight to Rwanda (Author: Gardener)

PMBoris Johnson has accused lawyers challenging the Rwanda flight in court of "encouraging the work of criminal gangs" in a cabinet meeting. Boris Johnson has accused lawyers challenging the Rwanda flight in court of "encouraging the work of criminal gangs" in a cabinet meeting. "I think what the criminal gangs are doing and what those who effectively support the work of the criminal gangs are doing is undermining people's confidence in the safe and legal system," Mr Johnson added. "I think what the criminal gangs are doing and what those who effectively support the work of the criminal gangs are doing is undermining people's confidence in the safe and legal system," Mr Johnson added. His comments come after the Foreign Secretary insisted the government's policy of flying asylum seekers to Rwanda was "completely moral" after senior Church of England bishops condemned the plan. His comments come after the Foreign Secretary insisted the government's policy of flying asylum seekers to Rwanda was "completely moral" after senior Church of England bishops condemned the plan. Care4Calais said last night that after successful individual challenges over the past few days, just seven people have been allowed on Tuesday's flight for removal. Care4Calais said last night that after successful individual challenges over the past few days, just seven people have been allowed on Tuesday's flight for removal. Three other people scheduled to fly on today's flight are expected to challenge the decision in court. Three other people scheduled to fly on today's flight are expected to challenge the decision in court. 10:51 , Press Association Four people who are believed to be on a planned deportation flight to Rwanda have lodged a complaint in the High Court on Tuesday. Mr Justice Swift said each applicant's lawyer has 40 minutes to argue their case, in addition to their written arguments submitted to the court. Sonali Naik QC said her client is an Iranian Kurd who appears to have "a good substantive asylum application". Boris Johnson: Lawyers challenging the Rwanda flight 'facilitate the work of criminal gangs' 10:26 , Holly Bancroft Boris Johnson has accused lawyers challenging the Rwanda flight in court in a cabinet meeting of 'facilitating the work of criminal gangs " to have . He insisted the government would not be deterred by the attacks "not least from lawyers" and told ministers that "we will go ahead and implement the plan". He insisted the government would not be deterred by the attacks "not least from lawyers" and told ministers that "we will go ahead and implement the plan". He insisted the government would not be deterred by the attacks "not least from lawyers" and told ministers that "we will go ahead and implement the plan". Opening the No 10 Cabinet meeting, Mr Johnson said there was a "huge attack" on the policy We are trying to support safe and legal ways for people to come to the UK and to crack down on the illegal and dangerous ways. "That's what we're trying to do, that's the core of our policy." And I think that what the criminal gangs are doing and what those who effectively support the work of the criminal gangs are doing, people's confidence in the safe and undermines the legal system and undermines people's general acceptance of immigration." The Prime Minister added: "We will not be in any way deterred or embarrassed by the criticism leveled at this policy, some of it by something a little more unexpected Side. "We will go ahead and deliver." Holly Bancroft, lawyer for one of the last people on the flight to Rwanda, calls the government briefing at 09:57. A lawyer representing one of the last people scheduled to fly to Rwanda today said the Home Office refused to stop his client's deportation despite his awareness of his poor mental health. Alasdair Mackenzie wrote on Twitter, criticizing government comments made to the BBC against repeated legal attempts to stop the flight. He said that "the Home Office has refused to step down despite being aware of [their client's] poor mental health." keep". They added: "Activists and opposing lawyers will do everything in their power, exploit every loophole, throw in every false and unsubstantiated allegation to have their client dragged off the plane today." 09:23 , Press Association Bishop of Manchester David Walker, who signed a letter condemning the government's Rwanda policy, said Britain had "become more hostile towards the world's most vulnerable". He told Times Radio: "That was me even a few weeks ago proposing amendments in the House of Lords and trying to find ways to allow people for whom Britain is the right place to come and get their lives back build up to be able to make their case bring this country to safety to prove their case.” And then when they've proved their case to be able to stay here, because that's what the 1951 Convention was about and Britain is proud of to have supported this for decades. "Unfortunately, of late, and not just under this government, we seem to have become more hostile to the world's most vulnerable." He added: "The numbers aren't huge, and we're not awash with impossible numbers, the Brita." in like a society can't cope with. Liz Truss: "Very many" people will fly to Rwanda on deportation flights by the end of the year to Rwanda for asylum seekers. Ms Truss said this morning that today's flight to Rwanda is expected to take place. Migrants pulled out of Rwanda "will be next," Liz Truss warns. It's "completely moral." The foreign secretary also claimed that dozens of migrants who had been removed from the flight list after individual legal challenges were "on the next flight". Church of England leaders have announced the permanent relocation of asylum seekers to Central Africa is an "immoral policy" that "shames Britain". But Ms Truss said: "Our policy is perfectly legal, it's perfectly moral," adding, "These people need to propose an alternative policy that will work." Migrants being pulled off a "moral" Rwanda flight, "Will be on the next one," warns Liz Truss. Three more people to challenge their place on a Rwanda flight in court today The Interior Ministry's deportation flight to Rwanda will present legal challenges before take-off today. Seven people are reportedly still on the flight after dozens of asylum seekers won legal challenges and were deported. A government source told the BBC they are "doing everything possible to keep people on the move". They added: "Activists and opposing counsel will do everything in their power, exploit every loophole, throw in every false and unsubstantiated allegation, to take their client off the hook today." 07:37 , Holly Bancroft Secretary of State Liz Truss has the Government policy of sending asylum seekers to Rwanda defended after senior bishops criticized it. She added that she disagreed with the bishops' criticism, saying, "The people who are immoral in this case are the traffickers who trade in human misery." "These people need to propose alternative policies that work." What I say to the critics of the policy, who have no alternative to how we are dealing with this illegal migration, if they have no alternative, they are criticizing our policy, which is effective and working.” Interior Ministry source says deportation flight is at risk of being cancelled 07:15 , Home Office sources from Maroosha Muzaffar revealed to the Guardian that there was a risk the first deportation flight to Rwanda - carrying asylum seekers - could be canceled after legal challenges meant fewer than 10 people were expected on board. "I think it might be cancelled," a government source said. “This is due to isolated cases rather than a blanket challenge.” One charity, Care4Calais, said Monday there were fewer than eight. Government wants to fly even one asylum seeker to Rwanda says PM spokesman 07:00 , Maroosha Muzaffar The number of asylum seekers on the first chartered plane deporting them to Rwanda has fallen from 130 to seven. Refugee aid organization Care4Calais Group said only seven people were allowed to be evacuated on Tuesday after successful individual challenges over the past few days. But the Prime Minister's official spokesman said: "I am not aware that there is a set limit." The Mirror reported that the spokesman claimed the current approach is costing taxpayers £1.5bn each year, including almost £5m pounds per day for hotel accommodation for asylum seekers. Migrants will be treated with "safety, dignity and respect," says Rwanda's High Commissioner 06:50 , Maroosha Muzaffar Rwanda's High Commissioner for the UK, Johnston Busingye, slammed critics of the government's plan to deport asylum seekers, saying they would do so be treated with "safety, dignity and respect". His comments came after it emerged fewer than 10 migrants were expected to be on Tuesday's first flight to Rwanda. 06:30 , Maroosha Muzaffar Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, has condemned Britain's plan to deport asylum seekers from Rwanda, calling the policy "completely wrong". Mr Grandi said: "The precedent this sets is disastrous for a concept that needs to be shared, like asylum." In a statement, the UN refugee chief underscored that the UK is a signatory to the International Refugee Convention and said that "trying to export the responsibility that comes with it," "contradicting that is any notion of responsibility and international responsibility sharing." the right way? 05:45 , Maroosha Muzaffar The senior leadership of the Church of England has said the plan to deport migrants to Rwanda is an "immoral policy which shames Britain". 23 Bishops say that "whether the first deportation flight leaves Britain for Rwanda today or not, this policy should shame us as a nation." treat compassion, fairness and justice as we have for centuries.” Last legal hearing before flight 05:21, Maroosha Muzaffar Three other asylum seekers - who are scheduled to board a deportation flight on Tuesday - are planning a court hearing before their flight, it has been reported. They are among eight on the passenger list for Tuesday's flight to Rwanda, the BBC reported. On Monday, three Court of Appeal judges rejected a final legal attempt to block the first flight that will push Rwandan asylum-seekers back to their country. The flight is expected to cost more than £500,000, but ministers have said it will disrupt traffickers' business . from the start of the flights. 05:02 , Maroosha Muzaffar A lawyer attending a protest outside the Home Office said there was "just anger" at the government's plan to send some asylum seekers to Rwanda. Hundreds of protesters took part in a demonstration outside the Home Office in Westminster on Monday. Lauren Chaplin, 28, who works as a lawyer in London, attended the protest and called the controversial government policy "violent and repressive".

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First flight to Rwanda for holiday for asylum seekers as policy row rages on - UK politics live

Latest updates: Bishops in the House of Lords say politics shape Britain, while Liz Truss defends the plan (Author: Gardener)

RwandaThis website uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. Please use a supported version for the best MSN experience. First flight to Rwanda for asylum seekers' leave as policy row continues - UK politics live People protest outside the Royal Courts of Justice on Monday after a judge dismissed an appeal against the government's deportation scheme. Latest updates: Bishops in House of Lords say policy shames Britain as Liz Truss defends plan. Truss counters with bishops that Rwanda's deportation policy "shames Britain" and says they have no contingency plan. Good morning Tonight the first flight is due to leave the UK carrying asylum seekers who have crossed the English Channel on a one-way journey to Rwanda. It is the first flight planned under a directive announced earlier this year and was described by Home Secretary Tom Pursglove, in the Commons on Monday, as a "global first" and part of a "world-leading migration and economic development partnership with Rwanda". ' that would 'change the way we collectively tackle illegal immigration'. There is a different assessment of the merits of the policy in the Times this morning, where all 25 bishops and archbishops who sit in the House of Lords signed a letter saying it is an "immoral policy" which " Britain shamed". Whether the first deportation flight leaves Britain for Rwanda today or not, this policy should put us to shame as a nation. Rwanda is a brave country recovering from a catastrophic genocide. The shame is on us, for our Christian heritage should inspire us to treat asylum seekers with compassion, fairness and justice as we have done for centuries. Those facing deportation to Rwanda have had no opportunity to appeal or be reunited with their families in the UK. They have not examined their asylum application, acknowledged their medical or other needs, or tried to understand their predicament. Many are desperate people fleeing unspeakable horrors. Many are Iranians, Eritreans and Sudanese, who have at least an 88% asylum-granting rate. These are the people Jesus had in mind when he said when we offer hospitality to a stranger, we do it for him. To reduce dangerous travel to Britain we need safe routes: the Church will continue to advocate for them. But deportations - and the possible forced return of asylum seekers to their home countries - are not the way to go. This immoral policy puts Britain to shame. Liz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, was on interview duty for the government this morning and she dismissed the claim made by Church of England leaders. She told Sky News: I do not agree [with the letter], the people who are immoral in this case are the traffickers who deal in human misery. These people need to propose an alternative policy that works. Our policy is perfectly legal, it's perfectly moral. What I say to the policy critics who have no alternative to how we are dealing with this illegal migration is that they have no alternative, they are criticizing our policies, which are effective and working. Only about seven or eight asylum seekers are said to be still on the night flight. More legal challenges are pending today and some government sources have said this could result in the flight being canceled ahead of its scheduled 9.30pm departure time. But in interviews this morning, Truss said the flight would depart tonight. What I can say is that the flight is to Rwanda tonight and if people are not on board today they will be on subsequent flights. When asked if she said it could go on without asylum seekers, she replied: I'm sure there will be people on it. What I can't say is how many people will be on it. But the most important thing is that we establish the principle that we create the deterrent to deter these trafficking gangs from the appalling human misery in which they deal. 10am: The Supreme Court is expected to hear more legal challenges on behalf of individual asylum seekers who face deportation to Rwanda on a flight scheduled to depart tonight. 10:00 am: Lord Geidt, the Independent Adviser on Ministerial Standards, testifies before the Commons Committee on Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs. 12.15 p.m .: Robert Courts, the Air Secretary, gives a testimony on flight cancellations before the House of Commons Business Affairs Committee. After 12.30: MPs begin debate on a Labor motion scolding Legal Migration Secretary Kevin Foster for his handling of the passport crisis. 2.30pm: Dame Vera Baird, Victims' Commissioner for England and Wales, testifies before the House of Commons Judiciary Committee on the Victims Bill. I'm trying to monitor the comments below the line (BTL), but it's impossible to read them all. I try to answer questions, and if they're of general interest I'll post the question and answer above the line (ATL), although I can't promise to do this for everyone. If you want to get my attention quickly, it's probably better to use Twitter. I'm on @AndrewSparrow. Workers face 'year of pain' as real wages fall at fastest pace in 20 years Business Live Russia-Ukraine War: Fighting in Donbass 'most brutal' Europe has seen, says Zelenskiy; civilians trapped in Sievyodonetsk – live

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Migrants avoiding tonight's Rwanda flight will fly on the next, stresses Liz Truss

Latest Political News: Migrants avoiding Rwanda flight tonight will be on next flight, stresses Liz Truss (Author: Gardener)

Liz TrussLiz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, is pictured in Downing Street June 7 - Neil Hall/Shutterstock Asylum seekers who avoid the government's first flight to Rwanda will be put on the next flight to the African country, Liz Truss has stressed. The first plane is due to take off tonight, but it's unclear how many people will be on board, although courts yesterday rejected offers for an injunction to block the policy. It is estimated that only seven of 130 migrants initially notified of their deportation to Rwanda remain on the flight after their lawyers successfully filed individual appeals, but it is believed that number could fall further. Ms Truss, the Foreign Secretary, said this morning that even if people are taken off today's flight, the government will try to add them to the next. She told Sky News: "There will be people on the flight and if they are not on this flight they will be on the next flight because we are determined to break the model of the horrible traffickers and solve this problem, causing untold misery, including people dying in the English Channel.” Ms Truss said she couldn't say “exactly how many people will be on the flight, but the really important thing is that we establish the principle of the flights that will take place “. there is only one person on board. The DUP has warned they will not give in to "blackmail" and return to Stormont until the government's bill to smash the Northern Ireland Protocol is passed by Parliament (you can read the full story here). Liz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, today "strongly encouraged" the party to return to power-sharing as soon as possible, as she said the people of Northern Ireland "deserve to have government". She told Times Radio: "I think, for the good of the people of Northern Ireland, we need a government to operate in Northern Ireland and we need both the Assembly and the Executive that are put in place for the governance to take place." We passed the legislation yesterday, we made our intentions very clear, it's good for all communities in Northern Ireland we continue to protect the North-South relationship and the East-West relationship The people of Northern Ireland deserve government The EU has warned that the UK's proposals to unilaterally lift border rules in Northern Ireland after Brexit could spark a trade war. Liz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, was asked why the UK is risking a trade dispute with Brussels while goods prices already rising amid the cost of living crisis.She told Times Radio: "Our solution doesn't make the EU sc worse. Labor said "real wages are falling" (see post below at 8.48am) and accused the government of being "completely complacent" about the state of the economy. Jonathan Ashworth, Secretary for Shadow Work and Pensions, said: "Work should be the best safeguard against rising living costs, yet millions of workers live in poverty, real wages are falling, the total workforce is below pre-pandemic levels. and the number of unemployed people not looking for work is higher than before the pandemic. "With record job vacancies and inflation at its highest level in 40 years, ministers have shown extreme complacency at the tremendous level of economic inactivity." Christine Jardine, finance spokeswoman for the Liberal Democrats, said today's ONS figures, which show that wages are falling at their fastest pace in more than two decades (see post below at 08.48) should be a wake-up call for ministers. She said: "This must be a wake-up call for the government to cut taxes now. Millions of squeezed middle-class families are being dragged into financial desperation because Rishi Sunak has decided to hit them with record-breaking tax hikes as inflation spirals.” This is now a cost-of-living emergency and the government has no time to waste tackling taxes to lower. Reacting to the latest jobs figures (see the post below at 8.50am), Chancellor Rishi Sunak said: "Today's statistics show that our labor market remains resilient, with layoffs at an all-time low. Helping people find work is the best way to support families over the long term, and we continue to help people find new and better jobs.” “We also provide emergency relief as prices rise – 8 million of the most vulnerable families receive in direct payments of at least £1,200 every family this year £400.” The number of employed workers in the UK rose by a further 90,000, or 0.3 per cent, to 29.6 million between April and May, according to the Office for National Statistics. The jobless rate edged up to 3.8 percent in the three months to April, from 3.7 percent in the previous three months, but remained near a 50-year low. Job vacancies also rose to a new record of 1.3 million, despite a further slowdown in the growth rate. The layoff rate hit a new low of 2% in the three months to April. UK wages are falling at their sharpest rate in more than two decades as pay packages fail to keep up with rising prices. Adjusted for inflation, non-bonus wages fell 3.4% year over year in April, according to the Office for National Statistics. Between February and April, real wages fell 2.2 percent - the biggest drop since 2011, and the highest inflation in decades. Nicola Sturgeon will need permission from Boris Johnson and the UK government to hold a formal re-run of Scotland's 2014 independence referendum. Ms Sturgeon was asked if she planned to submit a so-called Section 30 Order to the Government to seek the necessary powers to conduct the referendum. "We need to find out, and this work is ongoing, how we find our way to lawful procedure with a UK government that does not respect democracy." Nicola Sturgeon will today renew her fight for Scottish independence as she presents the first in a series of policy and position papers which she says will form an "updated independence prospectus". She told the BBC: "Not tomorrow but I will say more about that in the coming weeks. There are two things, actually two principles, that are really important. The Scottish people gave my party, my government, a mandate for an independence referendum in last year's elections. “The second really important principle is the rule of law. Nicola Sturgeon says she will launch new campaign for Scottish independence. The First Minister tells @BBCScotlandNews' @GlennBBC: "The Scottish people gave my party a mandate for an independence referendum in last year's election - I intend to honor that." pic.twitter.com/b0aDQ7ttlS - The Nine (@ BBCScotNine) 13 June 2022 Liz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, said the Government still prefers to negotiate a compromise with the EU on the Northern Ireland Protocol. She told Sky News: "We would rather have a negotiated deal with the EU and that's what I said to the EU yesterday." What we need are changes to the protocol that are causing real problems in Northern Ireland, increasing costs but people also gives the feeling of not being part of the [UK].” The government yesterday published its controversial Northern Ireland Protocol Bill, which will allow ministers to make unilateral changes to post-Brexit border rules in the province. Liz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, said this morning that the UK was being forced to take unilateral action because the EU refused to renegotiate the text of the original Brexit deal, telling Sky News: "The fundamental point is that the EU will not change the text of the protocol, and it is the text of the protocol that causes problems. The entire Church of England leadership has united to condemn the government's plan to deport migrants to Rwanda as "an immoral policy that shames Britain" (you can read the story here). Liz Truss, the secretary of state, hit back at church leaders this morning when she dismissed claims that the policy was "immoral". She told Sky News: "I don't agree with that. The people who are immoral in this case are the traffickers who deal in human misery. "These people need to come up with an alternative policy that works to deal with these illegal human traffickers." Liz Truss was asked if it was possible for tonight's flight to Rwanda to take off unmanned. The Foreign Secretary told Sky News: "There will be people on the flight and if they are not on this flight they will be on the next flight because we are determined to break the horrific trafficking model and solve this problem , which it has caused untold misery, including people dying in the English Channel.” Ms Truss suggested that even if there is only one person on the flight, it would still represent “value for money”. Just seven of 130 migrants initially notified they would be deported to Rwanda remain on the flight tonight (you can read the original story here), but it's believed the number could drop due to more individual legal challenges. Liz Truss, the Foreign Secretary, could not say this morning how many people will be on the flight, but she insisted it is important for the plane to take off - likely at 9.30pm - to establish the "principle" of the trips taking place . She told Sky News: "We expect to send the flight later today. I can't say exactly how many people will be on the flight, but what's really important is that we establish the principle and start breaking the model, the business model of these horrific human traffickers who deal in misery." "So do it we have this politics and that's why it's important that we get the departure today.” Good morning and welcome to today's politics live blog. There are two main topics in Westminster today: the government's first flight to Rwanda, due to take off tonight, and the ongoing Brexit row over the Northern Ireland Protocol. Liz Truss, the Secretary of State, is on the morning media round for the government, so I'll walk you through her key comments first.

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House cleaning, forklift racing

Susan-Elizabeth Littlefield has some news to get you excited this Monday morning. (Author: Gardener)

HouseYou are using an older browser version. Please use a supported version for the best MSN experience. Susan-Elizabeth Littlefield has some news to get you excited this Monday morning. Exclusive: Sam Ryder reveals his life hasn't changed much since Eurovision The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have appointed a former triathlete as their new PR chief The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have appointed a former triathlete as their new PR chief Chief Appointed Statue Honoring Unveils Iowa Man Who Helped Raise Flag In Iwo Jima, Where Mosquitoes Bite Most On Subway

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Rebel Wilson's hand was forced to go out into the world

After the article was published, Rebel Wilson tweeted that it was a "very difficult situation" but she was trying to "deal with it with decency." (Author: Gardener)

Rebel Wilson'sRebel Wilson has been forced to address her new relationship and she works in an industry where homophobia is everywhere? For LGBTQ+ people, being outed against our will can be one of the most terrifying things. When it happened to Rebel Wilson last week, I felt all her pain. Except that theirs happened on a global scale. When Rebel recently announced via the most adorable social media post that she has her own "Disney princess," it seemed nothing but sane on the surface. However, it soon emerged that Australian newspaper Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) had planned to release details of their new romance, so they appeared to have forced their hand out. They suggested that she's happy to "brag" about her love life to her ex-boyfriend and questioned why she doesn't do the same with her new girlfriend. Now, is it any wonder she wasn't so vocal about her romance when she's forced to address her new relationship and she works in an industry where homophobia is around every corner? Also, it's a new relationship. Getting to know each other - like every heterosexual couple does. People need time to get used to and settle into a romance before the whole world is privy to it. Because regardless of our status or how famous we are, I believe that we queer people are united by our trauma and shared experiences. Rebel may be more famous than I'll ever be and her coming out may have been a lot bigger, but in this moment I understand exactly how she must have felt. When Rebel recently announced that she has her very own "Disney princess" via the most adorable social media post, it seemed nothing but sane on the surface (Image: Rebel Wilson/Instagram) Every time I have one As I enter the room and meet new people, I have to make an assessment of whether it's okay for me to be myself or whether it would harm me. I have to decide if going out at work could lose my job, if going out with friends would destroy our close bond, and if going out with my family could lead to me being utterly ostracized. That's why I know there's never an excuse to "out" someone or pressure them to reveal to the world who they are when they're not ready. It makes me sick to know it still happens to people with big platforms. It happened to Portia de Rossi in the early 2000s when photos of her with a friend were published before she came out. It happened to Will Young in 2002, who came out when he found out a tabloid wanted to out him. It happened to Neil Patrick Harris in 2006 when he came out after media speculation from the likes of Perez Hilton's gossip blog. And I would have hoped it wouldn't happen now. After the article was published, Rebel tweeted that it was a "very difficult situation" but she was trying to "deal with it with dignity." Now the SMH has removed the original article that was written about her, with columnist Andrew Hornery admitted that he made mistakes in handling the story. But taking down an item doesn't undo the damage it caused. There were times when other people would make fun of my sexuality in public before I came out to them, but when they suspected I wasn't straight. There were times when other people made fun of my sexuality publicly before I came out to them, but when they suspected I wasn't straight. Pretending it never happened doesn't restore her self-esteem, resolve her family conflict, or suddenly make someone feel accepted and loved. It also hurts Hornery to admit that, as a gay man, he is "very aware of how much discrimination hurts" and "the last thing I ever want to do is cause that pain to anyone else." Members of our community shouldn't turn their backs on one another, and while he claims to have understood the weight of coming out against someone's will, it begs the question, why even consider it then? It now appears that since Rebel was there before him and came out before he could print the exclusive, he decided to come out as ignorant. It has to be said that coming out about a person's gender or sexuality is not the same as sharing an embarrassing moment. Coming out to someone isn't on the same harmless level as revealing that a friend fell down in public, accidentally went into the wrong bathroom, or drunkenly called an ex. We live in a time when LGBTQ+ hate crimes are on the rise and members of our community still live in countries where they can be killed just for existing as their true selves. People need to have a real understanding of what it's like - living in fear every day just because you love someone who isn't the opposite sex, or the gender you were assigned at birth isn't what you are identify yourself now. Everyone deserves the right to come out when they are ready and feel safe. Someone's gender or sexuality isn't yours and you can't decide when they tell the world like you have a juicy gossip about them. The only sexuality anyone needs an opinion on in 2022 is their own. You may not think that coming out should be a big event in this day and age - good for you - but we don't live in a world of sun and rainbows and you have to take those rose-colored glasses off for a second and realize that. If an LGBTQ+ person wants your help coming out, they will ask for it. Coming out is such low behavior. The pain of being outed lasts a lifetime, because even though society has evolved and become more tolerant, knowingly coming out of someone just pulls us back. Do you have a story you would like to share? Share your views in the comments below. This year we're celebrating 50 years of Pride, so it seems only fitting that Metro.co.uk joins our continued LGBTQ+ support through a wealth of content that not only celebrates all things Pride, but also tells stories that stand the test of time take, reflect far beyond, and raise awareness for the community this Pride month. MORE: Find all of Metro.co.uk's Pride coverage here During Pride month, which runs from 1st to 30th June, Metro.co.uk is also supporting Kyiv Pride, a Ukrainian charity which is forced to working harder than ever to protect the rights of the LGBTQ+ community in times of conflict and the youth homelessness charity AKT. To learn more about their work and what you can do to support them, click here.

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A bridge and a coincidence

The importance of a bridge usually depends on its dimensions or its carrying capacity. This account concerns the events leading up to the construction of a (Author: Gardener)

This report looks at the events that led to the construction of a military bridge (Bailey) of insignificant size or carrying capacity, its construction under extraordinary circumstances, and how it became important. 16 BRTF of those days had an extensive stretch of road with many “bottlenecks”, one of which was a body of ice, the so-called glacier, located on the Leh-Chalunka road north of Khardungla (altitude 5,603 m), which is 39 -km from Leh away. The entire road was unpaved, and in most places just wide enough for the army's 3-ton trucks to move in one direction. The road via Khardungla between South Pulu and North Pulu was opened to army vehicles only between May and October each year - civilian vehicles did not go because of the tortuous and risky passage. The stretch of road that passed over this “glacier” at 5,580 m was 80 m long, but due to the loss of about 40% of the rated engine power due to the altitude and the slipping of the wheels on the ice, vehicles could not cross it without the help of one Bulldozers or a recovery vehicle winch at either end of the glacier. Each crossing was time-consuming, and only 5 to 6 Army 3-ton trucks could pass per day per route. In addition, the lane width appeared to be gradually decreasing, making vehicle passage risky. With the passage of even this minimal traffic over the years, and the dumping of boulders and debris onto the ice to ensure better wheel traction, the body of ice had developed a depression or depression in the road surface, making it difficult and risky , even vehicles to wriggle in and out of the dip. With the road virtually unusable, the Army's growing operational commitments required increased operational and logistical loads to be airlifted at tremendous cost. In the summer of 1980, glaciologists from the Geological Survey of India (GSI) were called in to survey the glacier and provide expert advice on its stability. They made a brief on-site visit and reported that the "body of ice" was "in flux" and the only solution was to repave part of the road to bypass it. The time to complete the bypass was estimated at five years, as the machine output is low due to the altitude and snow and ice only allow cutting work for just under 3-4 months a year. Based on the expert's report, a labor estimate has been prepared for the construction of a new road to bypass the glacier at a cost of Rs. 45 lakhs. While the permit for the work was still awaited, the navigability over Khardungla had deteriorated further and the load transport requirement had increased with increasing deployment. This rapidly deteriorating situation put enormous pressure on 16 BRTF to find an immediate solution to the passability issue. There was obviously a need to revisit the problem and informal discussions to find a temporary solution were seen as a good starting point. During one such "conversation" it turned out that after the visit of the glaciologists, when the matter was being discussed one evening in the officers' mess, the officer's wife had suggested building a bridge over the glacier. But in the hot seat of May 1982, and given the urgency of the situation, building a Bailey Bridge across the glacier seemed like a solution worth reconsidering. Exploring the road grades and horizontal curve geometry on either side of the north-facing glacier revealed that it was definitely not possible to build a Bailey bridge to span it. And even supporting the bridge on the body of ice itself, just to span the depression in the ice surface, was considered impossible for experienced hands, because glaciologists had declared the glacier to be "in flux". This opinion was reinforced by reports from GREF pioneers working on site that the glacier was moving as the road width was observed to gradually decrease. This was overcome by manually hacking the ice surface with pickaxes to widen the road (since the bulldozer blade couldn't even make a dent in the hard ice) so the vehicle body wouldn't accidentally hit it. They also pointed to the wreckage of vehicles that had fallen down the valley while crossing the glacier because the vehicle's body had struck the ice wall and the jolt had caused the vehicle to slide on the ice, from which road had slipped and fell down the slope. Regular observations over about 10 weeks of three pegs in a straight line, two on hard ground and one on ice staying in line, and simply checking that the center lines of the road on ground and on ice show no lateral ones Displacement, conclusively showed that the ice body was not moving. Careful observation also showed that the reduction in road width was not due to movement of the ice body, but rather water from melting ice on the upper inclined ice surface refreezing on the road-cut vertical ice surface that did not receive sunlight. I was convinced that the GSI glaciologists' opinion that the glacier was in 'flow state' was wrong based on their brief site visit and reports that the roadway was narrowing. Contrary to expert opinion, belief in this reality was at the heart of the bridge's design and construction. However, even if building a bridge was possible because the body of ice was not moving, there were other issues that needed to be addressed. The proposal to build a Bailey bridge, resting on ice and spanning the depression in the road surface, was questioned by the on-site team, citing experts' opinion on the "state of the river". This involved explaining how simple engineering observations showed that the "glacier" was really an immovable body of ice, and also explaining why the gradually decreasing roadway width did not mean that the body of ice was moving. Questions as to whether the ice would support the weight of the bridge and vehicles moving over it without melting and/or cracking under pressure were answered using Military Engineering Vol. 1. III (Briddenschlag), which chronicles the construction of a bridge by the Russians on the ice of frozen Lake Ladoga each November and its dismantling before the spring thaw for three consecutive winters of the German Army's siege of Leningrad during World War II. Simple calculations set the ice's minimum carrying capacity as well above any possible loading including a generous safety factor. This proved the practicability of a bridge resting on ice. Thinking in 16 BRTF was geared towards building a bridge resting on ice and it was time to seek permission from Srinagar's chief engineer. However, neither the chief engineer nor his employees, who were influenced by the "flow state" opinion of the GSI glaciologists, could be convinced of the stability of the ice body and a bridge located on it. They clung to the view that building a bridge was risky, if not foolhardy. Thus, armed with personal belief in the stability of the ice body and the viability of a bridge founded on it, the difficult decision was made to go against the expert opinion for an emergency work of an unconventional and risky bridge launch to solve the navigability problem over Khardungla. The road sector was ably commanded under 54 RCC / 168 FC Pl. by Maj S. Ramaswamy (Ramu, to his friends) and AEE (M) H.S. (Harry) Rakhraj. Ramu conducted a detailed bridge reconnaissance to show that a 90-foot single-single Bailey (SS) bridge would do the job. He also proposed bridge piers built of stones wrapped in wire boxes and resting on ice. Instead of cement, which does not harden at low temperatures, he pioneered the idea of ​​pouring water that would freeze and bind the stones together into monolithic abutments. An accomplished leader and team builder, Ramu combined efficiency and toughness with genuine understanding and the personal touch. Ramu and Harry formed the bridge team along with an enthusiastic sapper JCO, Nb Sub P. Angamuthu and GREF Pioneers (all around 45 years old and with no experience using Bailey implements) dating back to 1594 and 1601 GREF Pnr Coys. Since at that time all Bailey gear was deployed locally in the 16th BRTF sector and none was in stock, Ramu had to source Bailey components by dismantling small bridges in his road sector and transporting them to Khardungla. The reader may wonder why so much emphasis is placed on building a SS Bailey bridge only 90 feet long, which under normal circumstances could be entrusted to a sapper corporal. The reason is that this bridge was built under several constraints, all of which were overcome through the ingenuity and painstaking work of Ramu and his team. Bridging components had to be lined up along the roadside as the road was narrow, requiring manual carrying of heavy components over 50 meters at great height by inexperienced men already in their forties. A severely limited backspace (only 30 feet) was available for construction, making conventional construction and launch of a Bailey bridge impossible. Therefore, temporary intermediate piers were built on the ice surface, using steel bridging cribs, Bailey walers, and wooden sleepers with simple pulleys mounted on them. The two piers, located 30 feet from the home shore launch rollers, were held together and their bases were prevented from sliding on the ice by pickets driven into the ice. To make matters worse, it was a gradient launch and launch connections to build Nose Bay were not available. This required great care when setting down and stacking, so that the leading bridge girders landed very gently on the pier rollers. The difficult core of logistics – planning and positioning camps and organizing the work, changes to standard procedures and bridge-building drills for untrained, inexperienced troops – and preparatory work was taken up enthusiastically but carefully and systematically by Harry and Angamuthu under Ramu's leadership and direction. Dry stone masonry abutments (1.2m high, 4.8m wide, 1.8m deep) were erected with wire studs and the vertical ice wall was machined to reach the full width of the road and, more importantly, the Launching of the bridge without contamination of the transoms made possible with ice face. This had taken three days of tireless work under the most difficult of circumstances. With only 30 feet of aft space available, it was not possible to follow normal procedures for providing adequate counterweight until the bridge tilted onto the intermediate pier rollers. Ramu, as innovative as ever, had additional crossbeams placed in the bays behind the launch rollers and moved them rearward when the bridge was deployed. The makeshift piers were a constant source of anxiety during the launch, as they merely rested on ice and the slightest jerk of the bridge's launch could dislodge them, with disastrous results for men and equipment. When the bridge approached the makeshift pier and later when the bridge ran on the pier rollers, all jerks had to be eliminated due to the rather unsafe foundation on ice. So the bridge was extended very, very slowly, often only 6 inches at a time, to check that the transoms weren't fouling with the ice surface, the pivot struts weren't fouling with the rollers, and that adequate counterweight was ensured. All activity was slow, as the GREF pioneers were unfamiliar with Bailey's equipment and construction, had to carry heavy components some 50 m (164 ft) away, and worked with reduced oxygen due to high altitude and sub-zero temperatures due to the wind chill effect. Beginning at 0700, the bridge touched the opposite bank rolls at about 1600. The bridge was demolished, the temporary piers dismantled and earth ramps constructed, so it was not until around 7:30 p.m. that a light vehicle was driven across the bridge to mark the completion of the task. The entire operation had taken four days and this was only possible because Ramu and his wonderful team had worked efficiently under exceptionally difficult conditions. The features that made this bridge to solve the navigability problem over Khardungla a reality were the concept overcoming opposing expert opinions, the command and technical risk involved in the decision to implement the concept, and the successful implementation of the concept under exceptionally difficult circumstances and site conditions by Ramu and his team. When we got back to camp and the team met to debrief after completing the task, someone remarked that this might be the highest bridge accessible by traffic. And so it so happened that a 90 foot long SS Bailey bridge, built to solve a problem, "accidentally" and accidentally became the tallest bridge [Note 1]. It was later discovered (more coincidental!) that this bridge was not only the highest navigable bridge, but also had the technical peculiarity of being a semi-permanent bridge over an ice body with its foundations on ice. S.Rakhraj and Nb Sub P.Angamuthu were awarded the BRDB Commendation Card and the COAS Commendation Card, respectively, for their role in the construction of the bridge. Maj S.Ramaswamy was awarded the Visishta Seva Medal for outstanding services to this bridge and other works in its very difficult high altitude road sector which improved communications. Army convoy traffic over Khardungla increased many times over, saving most of the huge recurring costs of air transport of military supplies and even personnel. The bridge made it possible to observe the ice body in winter and from the winter of 1983/84 the road across Khardungla was also kept open in winter, with its enormous military and civilian benefits. The work estimate for realigning the road died a natural death, and in recognition of the work, the Office of the Chief Engineer designed Project Beacon's New Year's 1983 greeting card with a photograph of the bridge on it. Expert articles have been published in leading international journals – The Journal of Glaciology in 1985 [Ref.1], and American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Journal of Construction Engineering in 1986 [Ref.2]. The bridge on ice was also reported in an international seminar in 1991 [Ref.3]. In 1985, the bridge was launched and rebuilt as a 110-foot DS-BB anchored to the mountainside with SWR to shift due to snow shedding from the overlying body of ice. Despite this safety measure, two bridges were lost in snow avalanches, but a new bridge was built each time. In line with the retreat of glaciers throughout the Himalayas, this body of ice was also gradually eroded over the years, and in January 1995 it became possible to replace the bridge, which had been lost in an avalanche, with a stone dam. Today the dam is in reasonably good service and the highest motorable bridge, which was in service for some 13 years, August 1982 to January 1995, is only a memory refreshed by pictures, or its 16 BRTF scale model . Vombatkere, G.; "On the long-term behavior of glacier ice under moving traffic loads - a case study"; Journal of Glaciology, International Glaciological Society, Cambridge, U.K.; Vol. 31, No. 109, 1985, pp. 369-371. Vombatkere, S.G.; "Stability of a Bridge on Ice"; International Conference on Steel and Aluminum Structures, Singapore, 22-24. May 1991 Sponsored by the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, the Institution of Civil Engineers [London], the Institution of Structural Engineers [London] and the Steel Construction Institute [UK]; Elsevier Publishing; Procedure pp. 980-988. He holds an M.E. degree with honors in Civil Engineering from the University of Poona (1974) and a PhD in Structural Dynamics from I.I.T., Madras (1987).

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Angela Rayner fired her bazooka with abandon

Volodymyr Zelensky (Kyiv Central) was glad Boris Johnson survived Monday's political assassination. The Ukrainian head of state was "very happy" about this "gr (Author: Gardener)

Angela RaynerVolodymyr Zelensky (Kyiv Central) was glad Boris Johnson survived Monday's political assassination. The Ukrainian head of state was "very happy" about this "great news". Closer to home, the joy was more reserved. Labor Deputy Leader Angela Rayner stood at the Commons junction box and aimed her rocket-propelled grenade at Johnson's tank. A fiendish recoil on those bazookas. Our Angela whirled around in her sneakers and slapped the shipping box like it was a Chippendales buttocks, yelling that the current Prime Minister was lewd, depraved, a squanderer of goodwill, unworthy of office, a degrader of standards. The words "Fuck off, Russian warship!" weren't quite said, but that was about the flavor of it. Johnson, in Rayner's considered view, was an ocean-walking lunatic who was "dragging our democracy down the drain." "He's dragging down the Conservative Party," she continued. "It's not good for the Labor Party." Honorary Members: "Oh?" Rayner: "This isn't about politics." Honorary Members: "!!!" Rayner: "It's time to stop the rot." That was it she, literally, at the end of her speech. It took a moment or two for everyone to realize she had stopped. Then the blackbirds started singing again and snails emerged from their homes and asked, "Is that my tinnitus or is someone giving the all-clear?" Rayner swiveled in her seat and gave Sam Tarry (Lab, Ilford South) a tender look , who sat a few rows behind her in a teal blue suit. It was an opposition day debate on standards in public life. Labor's motion "recognises the importance of the Ministerial Code" and makes a few more fine-print comments on a recent report by the Committee on Standards in Public Life. The government was so alarmed by this radical proposal that it announced it would not oppose it. If there was a Baldrick-style cunning plan, it was to allow Rayner to say rude things about Johnson's character in Parliament and maybe get some political oxygen. A prime minister, his party and the country remained firmly in weak territory. Rishi gave in to a windfall tax but refused to say her name, Rayner, like a provincial Lear rep in the 1950s, and found herself performing her heath scene to a sparsely populated audience in the booths. Management had closed the dress circle and given most of the ushers the day off. The opposing benches were hardly filled. The government side consisted of only four backbench MPs. Sir Jeremy Wright (C, Kenilworth & Southam) was not one of them, although he is the Conservative representative on the Committee on Standards in Public Life. However, fellow committee member Dame Margaret Beckett (Lab, Derby South) was there. Dame This, Sir That: So many MPs now have titles. There was a brief period under Gordon Brown when such things felt ridiculously archaic. Now five of the seven members of the Public Life Standards Committee have political gongs. Rayner announced that if Labor regained power, it would set up an ethics committee to scrutinize public office holders. Danny Kruger (C, Devizes) considered this a "very dangerous proposition" as it would give an "unelected individual this godlike power to judge the morality of ministers". "Exactly!" shouted a Labor MP. Kruger thought this was an echo of Soviet-style commissars "sitting next to politicians and judging them on their conformity to moral standards and ideologies". John Penrose (C, Weston-super-Mare) gave a speech in which he so admired the government it was hard to understand why he quit as Johnson's anti-corruption adviser on Monday. Penrose, who channeled Peter Simple's lieutenant-general Sir Frederick "Tiger" Nidgett, barked that it was all about "leadership." As for Beckett, she complained that too many of today's public appointments showed "a political bias." And she was a cabinet minister in the Blair years.

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